8-10 May 2017
Discovery Building
US/Central timezone

Nearby Pulsars and the Cosmic-Ray Positron Excess

9 May 2017, 15:24
Forum (Discovery Building)


Discovery Building

330 N. Orchard Street, Madison, WI 53706
Cosmic Rays - Convenor: Andreas Haungs, KIT Cosmic Rays


Prof. Dan Hooper (Fermilab/University of Chicago)


Recent measurements of the Geminga and B0656+14 pulsars by the gamma-ray telescope HAWC (along with earlier measurements by Milagro) indicate that these objects generate significant fluxes of very high-energy electrons. From the measured gamma-ray intensity and spectrum of these pulsars, one can calculate and constrain their expected contributions to the local cosmic-ray positron spectrum. Among models that are capable of reproducing the observed characteristics of the gamma-ray emission, we find that pulsars invariably produce a flux of high-energy positrons that is similar in spectrum and magnitude to the positron fraction measured by PAMELA and AMS-02. In light of this result, it appears very likely that pulsars provide the dominant contribution to the long perplexing cosmic-ray positron excess.

Primary author

Prof. Dan Hooper (Fermilab/University of Chicago)

Presentation Materials