8-10 September 2021
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CMB spectral distortions measurements at Dome-C: the antenna system of COSMO

8 Sep 2021, 12:00


Elenia Manzan (University of Milan Statale)


In this work I present the design and forecasted performance of the multimoded feed-horns system of the COSmic Monopole Observer (COSMO). COSMO is a pathfinder experiment that aims at measuring the isotropic y-type spectral distortion of the Cosmic Microwave Background from Dome-C, Antarctica. The current upper limit on the y-distortion is $<10^{-5}$ (COBE-FIRAS and TRIS).

COSMO exploits a cryogenic Martin-Puplett Fourier Transform Spectrometer to measure the difference in brightness between the radiation collected from the sky and from an internal, cryogenic reference blackbody. To reduce the atmospheric contribution, fast sky-dips at varying elevation are performed through a spinning wedge mirror while the interferogram is scanned by fast, low-noise Kinetic Inductance detectors.

The radiation is coupled to the detectors by two arrays of nine smooth-walled feed-horns working in the $120-180$ GHz and $210-300$ GHz range, respectively. The feed-horns are multimoded to provide a greater throughput and a higher signal-to-noise level than a traditional single-mode receiver, thus increasing the instrumental sensitivity without extending the focal plane.

The antenna design is a trade-off between the multimode requirement on the antenna waveguide, the mechanical constraint on the antenna aperture and the optimization of the antenna directivity within the cryostat aperture window. The arrays are obtained by superimposing aluminum plates made with CNC milling, which is a relatively fast and low-cost manufacturing technique.

Primary authors

Elenia Manzan (University of Milan Statale) Elia Stefano Battistelli (Sapienza, University of Rome) Paolo de Bernardis (Dipartimento di Fisica, Sapienza Università di Roma) Prof. Marco Bersanelli (Università degli studi di Milano) Dr Fabio Columbro (Sapienza University of Rome) Mr Gabriele Coppi (Università di Milano Bicocca) Alessandro Coppolecchia (Physics Department, University of Rome Sapienza, P.le Aldo Moro 5, 00185, Roma,Italy) Dr Giuseppe D'Alessandro (Sapienza University of Rome) Prof. Marco De Petris (Sapienza University of Rome) Dr Cristian Franceschet (Università degli studi di Milano) Prof. Massimo Gervasi (Università di Milano Bicocca) Dr Luca Lamagna (Sapienza University of Rome) Mr Andrea Limonta (Università di Milano Bicocca) Elisabetta Marchitelli (Sapienza, University of Rome) Silvia Masi (Sapienza University, Rome Italy) Lorenzo Mele (Sapienza University of Rome) Prof. Aniello Mennella (Università degli studi di Milano) Dr Federico Nati (Università di Milano Bicocca) Dr Alessandro Paiella (Sapienza University of Rome) Dr Giorgio Pettinari (Istituto di fotonica e nanotecnologie - CNR) Prof. Francesco Piacentini (Sapienza University of Rome) Prof. Lucio Piccirillo (School of Physics and Astronomy - University of Manchester) Prof. Giampaolo Pisano (Sapienza University of Rome) Dr Sabrina Realini (Università degli studi di Milano) Prof. Carole Tucker (Cardiff University) Prof. Mario Zannoni (Università di Milano Bicocca)

Presentation Materials